Decentralisation, governance and EOS - Binance Research
Decentralisation, governance and EOS - Binance Research
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To 100 Principle Representatives - #8
A NanoCharts driven update for those who want to take control of their Nano and select a rep for their voting weight. For new community members, its worth pointing towards this video to learn about the ORV consensus system that Nano uses: https://youtu.be/LZ8TZFfYDcY Ideally you are taking your coins off Binance (as number 1 rep in terms of weight and you can’t pick a rep there) or removing weight from another larger rep/or a rep controlled by a large entity. Most wallets let you pick a representative, and are even starting to provide additional functionality; surprisingly the NWC mobile apps don’t allow for representative selection right now. Finding a rep can be easy using two main sources:
Nanocharts is a useful view from top reps in terms of weight and below; if you scroll down around the 133K Nano mark you’ll potentially find some reps who only need a but more weight to become a RR. NanoCharts also can help you find a rep, using its ‘need a representative’ function near the top of the page. My Nano Ninja itself is linked from NanoCharts and gives users a great source for further digging into a reps details. Its pioneered the scoring system to help users choose reps, and has even forked the ever popular NanoVault with NinjaVault (which integrates some key functions such as the scoring system). https://arewedecentralizedyet.com also gives us a wider perspective on decentralisation against other cryptos. I think the number of nodes we have without a monetary incentive is a good stat... and the it draws on the key Nakamoto coefficient from https://repnode.org/representatives/nakamoto (how many entities could collude to form a majority on the network - this number is ideally getting bigger). Unfortunately, they don't always pull the latest stats into their main screen. Further help on Nano decentralisation could be found in the #decentralise channel on Nano Discord. https://discordapp.com/invite/JphbBas As a general rule, personally I would consider the following when picking a rep:
Active in Community
Associated with a service you admire
Been around for a long time
Provider is fairly underused - we don’t want everyone on Digital Ocean
Geographic area is under represented - different jurisdictions around the world to spread risk
Confident (as possible) that the rep is not malicious
We currently have 88 Principal Representatives (RR) that help secure the network (that have over around 133K Nano voting weight) and not all of those are online right now. It would be a good milestone to have 100 RRs, and even better to have 100 RRs that are online. Since my last update (roughly) or worth mentioning:
5 less PRs than last time. I suspect the Bitcoin run has forced many to swap Nano for Bitcoin to join the fun. We've seen similar impact on PRs in the past.
https://mynano.ninja/map provided a nice overview of Nano's spread. Hopefully we'll see PRs in South America soon, then some growth in Africa/Asia.
https://mynano.ninja/account/vano A new wallet on the scene that is building up its Ninja score but could be a worth selection. Another 80K needed for this to reach PR status, a 30K improvement over last month.
Anybody from Africa considered running a node? Be good to get on the continent. Or maybe an official node could be spun up/moved there? Did u/Soluchain set up a rep in South Africa?
What if the dev fund voted for a a non official rep with good hardware and knowledge of Nano e.g. repnode, nanocrawler? Would this help increase our Nakamoto coefficient? Long term, I imagine the aim is to have no “Official” reps (which sounds centralised as a title).
With version 19 in beta, and with recent resurgence of the markets, now could be a good time go tell people about Nano and ORV! Comments in general crypto currency groups sometimes sight us not talking about decentralisation even though we are in a good position to make our ecosystem quite decentralised.
Those below Principal Representative (PR) level to make themselves more known in the community so that we can get to 100...
V19 will give us a better opportunity to measure the voting latency for PRs as a proxy for the quality of the underlying nodes (websockets will hopefully help). This could be an important factor in future Ninja scores so that users pick powerful nodes to support the network.
Another codebase that supports hardware wallets (which would be impressive for the ecosystem) or more awareness of the NanoVault derived variants so NanoVault isn’t the only place for Ledger support.
With the large number of new readers coming to this sub we need to make information easy to access so those readers can make informed decisions. We all know there is an unusually large amount of Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt (FUD) surrounding EOS. Frankly, when clear evidence is provided it’s not that difficult to see EOS for the extremely valuable project it is. This post hopes to begin to put an end to all the misinformation by doing the following:
Giving a clear and concise answer to the most frequently asked questions in regards to EOS.
Giving a more in-depth answer for those who want to read more.
Allowing readers to make informed decisions by making credible information easy to access.
As EOS climbs the ranks we need to recognise there are going to be a lot of skeptical readers coming over and posting their questions. Sometimes they will be irrational, hostile and often just looking for a reaction. We should make it our responsibility to welcome everyone and refrain from responding emotionally to provocative posts, instead providing factual and rational answers. I will add to this post as and when I can, if you have any ideas or spot any mistakes let me know and I'll get them fixed ASAP. Im planning to add a bit on the team, centralisation and DPOS, governance and EOS VC shortly but please let me hear your suggestions!
1. How do you registeclaim your EOS tokens before June 2018?
Select Metamask, MyEtherWallet, or Ethereum Wallet
Follow the guide.
Remember that the reason you need to register your Ethereum ERC-20 address is to include your EOS tokens in order for the balance of your EOS Tokens to be included in the Snapshot if a Snapshot is created, you must register your Ethereum address with an EOS public key. The EOS snapshot will take place prior to the 1 June 2018. After this point your ERC-20 EOS tokens will be frozen. And you will be issued EOS tokens on the EOS blockchain.
So PLEASE REGISTER your Ethereum address NOW, don't forget about it, or plan on doing it some time in the near future.
There are a lot of submissions about this in /eos, so rather than making a new one please reply to this thread with any questions you may have. Don't forget to join the EOS mailing list: https://eos.io/#subscribe and join the EOS community on your platform(s) of choice: Telegram, Discord and/or Facebook. And remember, if anyone instructs you to transfer ETH to an EOS contract address that doesn't match the address found on https://eos.io you are being scammed.
2. How will the token the ERC-20 EOS tokens be transferred to the native blockchain?
There isn't one! Read the long answer then read it again, registering your Ethereum wallet is mandatory!
Within 23 hours after the end of the final period on June 1, 2018 at 22:59:59 UTC, all EOS Tokens will become fixed (ie. frozen) and will become non-transferrable on the Ethereum blockchain. In order to ensure your tokens are transferred over to the native blockchain you must register your Ethereum address with an EOS public key, if you do not you will lose all your tokens! I am not going to link any tutorials as there are many that can be found by searching Google and YouTube. block.one is helping with the development of snapshot software that can be used to capture the EOS token balance and registered EOS public key of wallets on the Ethereum blockchain. It is then down to the community to create the snapshot. This snapshot can be used when generating a genesis block for a blockchain implementing eos.io software. block.one will not be launching EOS blockchains or operating any of their nodes.
Exchange Support Some exchanges have announced that they will support the token swap. Although using this method will undoubtedly be much simpler than registering the tokens yourself it also comes with its pitfalls.
It is highly likely there are going to be multiple networks running on the eos.io software that use the snapshot. It is highly unlikely that exchanges will support them all.
It is highly likely that exchanges will not support airdrops that use the snapshot.
Exchanges that have announced support for the token swap include:
EOS.IO software is aiming to provide a decentralized operating system which can support thousands of industrial scale DApps by enabling vertical and horizontal scaling.
EOS.IO is software that introduces a blockchain architecture designed to enable vertical and horizontal scaling of decentralized applications. This is achieved through an operating system-like construct upon which applications can be built. The software provides accounts, authentication, databases, asynchronous communication and the scheduling of applications across multiple CPU cores and/or clusters. The resulting technology is a blockchain architecture that has the potential to scale to millions of transactions per second, eliminates user fees and allows for quick and easy deployment of decentralized applications.
CEO Brendan Blumer - Founder of ii5 (1group) and okay.com. He has been in the blockchain industry since 2014 and started selling virtual assets at the age of 15. Brenden can be found on the Forbes Cypto Rich List. Brendan can be found on Twitter.
CTO Dan Larimer - Dan's the visionary industry leader who built BitShares, Graphene and Steemit as well as the increasingly popular Proof of Stake Governance and Decentralised Autonomous Organization Concept. He states his mission in life is “to find free market solutions to secure life, liberty, and property for all.”. Dan can also be found on the Forbes Cypto Rich List. Dan can be found on Twitter and Medium.
Partner Ian Grigg - Financial cryptographer who's been building cryptographic ledger platforms for 2+ decades. Inventor of the Ricardian Contract and Triple-Entry Accounting.
6. Which consensus mechanism does EOS use and what are Block Producers?
Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS) with Byzantine Fault Tolerance. Block Producers (BPs) produce the blocks of the blockchain and are elected by token holders that vote for them. BPs will earn block rewards for their service, these block rewards come in the form of EOS tokens produced by token inflation.
“EOS.IO software utilizes the only known decentralized consensus algorithm proven capable of meeting the performance requirements of applications on the blockchain, Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS). Under this algorithm, those who hold tokens on a blockchain adopting the EOS.IO software may select block producers through a continuous approval voting system. Anyone may choose to participate in block production and will be given an opportunity to produce blocks, provided they can persuade token holders to vote for them. The EOS.IO software enables blocks to be produced exactly every 0.5 second and exactly one producer is authorized to produce a block at any given point in time. If the block is not produced at the scheduled time, then the block for that time slot is skipped. When one or more blocks are skipped, there is a 0.5 or more second gap in the blockchain. Using the EOS.IO software, blocks are produced in rounds of 126 (6 blocks each, times 21 producers). At the start of each round 21 unique block producers are chosen by preference of votes cast by token holders. The selected producers are scheduled in an order agreed upon by 15 or more producers. Byzantine Fault Tolerance is added to traditional DPOS by allowing all producers to sign all blocks so long as no producer signs two blocks with the same timestamp or the same block height. Once 15 producers have signed a block the block is deemed irreversible. Any byzantine producer would have to generate cryptographic evidence of their treason by signing two blocks with the same timestamp or blockheight. Under this model a irreversible consensus should be reachable within 1 second."
7. How does the voting process work?
The voting process will begin once the Block Producer community releases a joint statement ensuring that it is safe to import private keys and vote. Broadly speaking there will be two methods of voting:
Command Line Interface (CLI) tools
EOS Canada has created eosc, a CLI tool that supports Block Producer voting. Other Block Producer candidates such as LibertyBlock are a releasing web portal that will be ready for main net launch. There will be many more options over the coming weeks, please make sure you are always using a service from a trusted entity. Remember: Do not import your private key until you have seen a joint statement released from at least five Block Producers that you trust which states when it is safe to do so. Ignoring this warning could result in tokens lost.
8. What makes EOS a good investment?
Team - EOS is spearheaded by the visionary that brought us the hugely successful Bitshares and Steem - arguably with two projects already under his belt there is no one more accomplished in the space.
Funding - EOS is one of the best funded projects in the space. The block.one team has committed $1B to investing in funds that grow the EOS echo system. EOS VC funds are managed by venture leaders distributed around the world to insure founders in all markets have the ability to work directly with local investors. Incentives such as the EOS hackathon are also in place with $1,500,000 USD in Prizes Across 4 Events.
Community Focus - The team is aware that the a projects success depends almost entirely on its adoption. For this reason there has been a huge push to develop a strong world wide community. There is already a surplus number of block producers that have registered their interest and started to ready themselves for the launch and incentives the EOS hackathon are being used to grow the community. A index of projects using EOS can be found at https://eosindex.io/posts.
Technical Advantages - See point 9!
9. What are the unique selling points of EOS?
Potential to scale to millions of transactions per second
This depends entirely on your definition of working product. If a fully featured developer release meets your definition then yes!. Otherwise the public release will be June 2018.
EOS differs from other projects in that it aims to deliver a fully featured version of the software on launch. The Dawn 3.0 RC1 feature complete pre-release became available on April 5th. This version has all the features of the final release that is due June 2018. Further development will involve preparing the final system contract which implements all of the staking, voting, and governance mechanics. The common notion that there is no viewable code published is wrong and the initial Dawn 1.0 release has been available from September 14th 2017.
11. EOS is an ERC-20 token, how can it possibly be a competitor to other platforms?
The ERC-20 token is used only for raising funds during the token distribution; all tokens will be transferred to the native blockchain once launched.
EOS team has clearly stated their reason for choosing the Ethereum network when they described the rationale behind the ICO model. Specifically, the ICO should be a fair and auditable process, with as little trust required as possible. If you believe that an ICO should be fair, auditable, and trustless, you have no choice but to use a decentralized smart contract blockchain to run the ICO, the largest, and by-far most popular of which is Ethereum. Since EOS is intended to be a major competitor for Ethereum, some have seen this as a hypocritical choice. - Stolen from trogdor on Steam (I couldn’t word it any better myself).
12. Why do the eos.io T&C’s say the ERC-20 token has no value?
The EOS T&C’s famously state:
"The EOS Tokens do not have any rights, uses, purpose, attributes, functionalities or features, express or implied, including, without limitation, any uses, purpose, attributes, functionalities or features on the EOS Platform."
This is legal wording to avoid all the legal complications in this emerging space, block.one do not want to find themselves in a lawsuit as we are seeing with an increasing amount of other ICOs. Most notably Tezos (links below).
This all comes down to legal issues. Anyone who’s been into crypto for 5 minuets knows that government bodies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) are now paying attention to crypto in a big way. This legal wording is to avoid all the legal complications in this emerging space, block.one do not want to find themselves in a lawsuit as we are seeing with an increasing amount of other ICOs. Many token creators that launched ICOs are now in deep water for selling unregistered securities.
A filing from the Tezos lawsuit:
"In sum, Defendants capitalized on the recent enthusiasm for blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies to raise funds through the ICO, illegally sold unqualified and unregistered securities, used a Swiss-based entity in an unsuccessful attempt to evade U.S. securities laws, and are now admittedly engaged in the conversion, selling, and possible dissipation of the proceeds that they collected from the Class through their unregistered offering."
To ensure EOS tokens are not classed as a unregistered security block.one has made it clear that they are creating the EOS software only and won’t launching a public blockchain themselves. This task is left down to the community, or more precisely, the Block Producers (BPs). The following disclaimer is seen after posts from block.one:
"block.one is a software company and is producing the EOS.IO software as free, open source software. This software may enable those who deploy it to launch a blockchain or decentralized applications with the features described above. block.one will not be launching a public blockchain based on the EOS.IO software. It will be the sole responsibility of third parties and the community and those who wish to become block producers to implement the features and/or provide the services described above as they see fit. block.one does not guarantee that anyone will implement such features or provide such services or that the EOS.IO software will be adopted and deployed in any way.”
It is expected that many blockchains using eos.io software will emerge. To ensure DAPPs are created on an ecosystem that aligns with the interests of block.one a $1bn fund will be has been created to incentivise projects to use this blockchain.
“A lot of token distributions only allow a small amount of people to participate. The EOS Token distribution structure was created to provide a sufficient period of time for people to participate if they so choose, as well as give people the opportunity to see the development of the EOS.IO Software prior to making a decision to purchase EOS Tokens.”
It is also worth noting that block.one had no knowledge how much the the token distribution would raise as it is determined by the free market and the length of the token distribution is coded into the Ethereum smart contract, which cannot be changed.
14. Where is the money going from the token distribution?
Funding for the project was raised before EOS was announced, the additional money raised from the token distribution is largely going to fund projects on EOS.
A large portion of the money raised is getting put back into the community to incentivise projects using eos.io software. block.one raised all the money they needed to develop the software before the ERC-20 tokens went on sale. There are some conspiracies that block.one are pumping the price of EOS using the funds raised. The good thing about blockchain is you can trace all the transactions, which show nothing of the sort. Not only this but the EOS team are going to have an independent audit after the funding is complete for piece of mind.
From eos.io FAQ:
“block.one intends to engage an independent third party auditor who will release an independent audit report providing further assurances that block.one has not purchased EOS Tokens during the EOS Token distribution period or traded EOS Tokens (including using proceeds from the EOS Token distribution for these purposes). This report will be made available to the public on the eos.io website.”
A more complete list of EOS projects can be found at eosindex.io.
16. Dan left his previous projects, will he leave EOS?
When EOS has been created Dan will move onto creating projects for EOS with block.one.
When a blockchain project has gained momentum and a strong community has formed the project takes on a life of its own and the communities often have ideas that differ from the creators. As we have seen with the Bitcoin and Ethereum hark forks you cant pivot a community too much in a different direction, especially if its changing the fundamentals of the blockchain. Instead of acting like a tyrant Dan has let the communities do what they want and gone a different way. Both the Bitshares and Steem were left in a great position and with Dans help turned out to be two of the most successful blockchain projects to date. Some would argue the most successful projects that are actually useable and have a real use case. What Dan does best is build the architecture and show whats possible. Anyone can then go on to do the upgrades. He is creating EOS to build his future projects upon it. He has stated he loves working at block.one with Brendan and the team and there is far too much momentum behind EOS for him to possibly leave.
No one could have better knowledge on this subject than our Block Producer candidates, I have chosen to look to EOS New York for this answer:
"DDoS'ing a block producing is not as simple as knowing their IP address and hitting "go". We have distributed systems engineers in each of our candidate groups that have worked to defend DDoS systems in their careers. Infrastructure can be built in a way to minimize the exposure of the Block Producing node itself and to prevent a DDoS attack. We haven't published our full architecture yet but let's take a look at fellow candidate EOSphere to see what we mean. As for the launch of the network, we are assuming there will be attacks on the network as we launch. It is being built into the network launch plans. I will reach out to our engineers to get a more detailed answer for you. What also must be considered is that there will be 121 total producing and non-producing nodes on the network. To DDoS all 121 which are located all around the world with different security configurations at the exact same time would be a monumental achievement."
18. If block producers can alter code how do we know they will not do so maliciously?
Block producers are voted in by stake holders.
Changes to the protocol, constitution or other updates are proposed to the community by block producers.
Changes takes 2 to 3 months due to the fact block producers must maintain 15/21 approval for a set amount of time while for changes to be processed.
To ensure bad actors can be identified and expelled the block.one backed community will not back an open-entry system built around anonymous participation.
For this question we must understand the following.
Governance and why it is used.
The process of upgrading the protocol, constitution & other updates.
Dan’s view on open-entry systems built around anonymous participation.
Governance Cryptography can only be used to prove logical consistency. It cannot be used to make subjective judgment calls, determine right or wrong, or even identify truth or falsehood (outside of consistency). We need humans to perform these tasks and therefore we need governance! Governance is the process by which people in a community:
Reach consensus on subjective matters of collective action that cannot be captured entirely by software algorithms;
Carry out the decisions they reach; and
Alter the governance rules themselves via Constitutional amendments.
Embedded into the EOS.IO software is the election of block producers. Before any change can be made to the blockchain these block producers must approve it. If the block producers refuse to make changes desired by the token holders then they can be voted out. If the block producers make changes without permission of the token holders then all other non-producing full-node validators (exchanges, etc) will reject the change.
Upgrade process The EOS.IO software defines the following process by which the protocol, as defined by the canonical source code and its constitution, can be updated:
Block producers propose a change to the constitution and obtains 15/21 approval.
Block producers maintain 15/21 approval of the new constitution for 30 consecutive days.
All users are required to indicate acceptance of the new constitution as a condition of future transactions being processed.
Block producers adopt changes to the source code to reflect the change in the constitution and propose it to the blockchain using the hash of the new constitution.
Block producers maintain 15/21 approval of the new code for 30 consecutive days.
Changes to the code take effect 7 days later, giving all non-producing full nodes 1 week to upgrade after ratification of the source code.
All nodes that do not upgrade to the new code shut down automatically.
By default, configuration of the EOS.IO software, the process of updating the blockchain to add new features takes 2 to 3 months, while updates to fix non-critical bugs that do not require changes to the constitution can take 1 to 2 months.
Open-entry systems built around anonymous participation To ensure bad actors can be identified and expelled the block.one backed community will not back an open-entry system built around anonymous participation. Dan's quote:
"The only way to maintain the integrity of a community is for the community to have control over its own composition. This means that open-entry systems built around anonymous participation will have no means expelling bad actors and will eventually succumb to profit-driven corruption. You cannot use stake as a proxy for goodness whether that stake is held in a bond or a shareholder’s vote. Goodness is subjective and it is up to each community to define what values they hold as good and to actively expel people they hold has bad. The community I want to participate in will expel the rent-seeking vote-buyers and reward those who use their elected broadcasting power for the benefit of all community members rather than special interest groups (such as vote-buyers). I have faith that such a community will be far more competitive in a market competition for mindshare than one that elects vote buyers."
19. What is the most secure way to generate EOS key pairs?
Block producer candidates EOS Cafe and EOS New York have come forward to help the community with this topic. The block producer candidate eosnewyork has kindly posted a tutorial on steemit detailing the steps that need to be taken to generate key pairs using the official code on the EOS.IO Github. The block producer candidate eoscafe has gone a step further and released an Offline EOS Key Generator application complete with GUI for Windows, Linux & Mac. Not only can this application generate key pairs but it can also validate key pairs and resolve public keys from private keys. This application has also been vouched for by EOS New York
Ferrum Network (FRM) là gì? Phỏng vấn Ian Friend cùng Grace Phạm
https://preview.redd.it/3j38vfdagdh31.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=0ae4528ed42bb6b1edf9edb522d15f360ddb631b Link bài viết gốc: https://coin98.net/ferrum-network-frm-ama/ Như Coin98 đã từng phân tích, Ferrum Network là dự án Blockchain dịch vụ tập trung vào cung cấp các ứng dụng tài chính hàng ngày. Ferrum Network hoạt động như một sàn giao dịch phi tập trung. Hỗ trợ các đồng Crypto như Bitcoin, Ethereum, Neo, PUR… Một trong những đột phá của Ferrum Network là trợ giúp phát hành các loại tiền điện tử được hỗ trợ bởi các network bên ngoài và các loại tiền pháp định. Để hiểu rõ thêm về dự án Ferrum Network, hãy cùng Coin98 điểm lại những nội dung chính trong buổi AMA với Ian Friend — COO tại Ferrum Network nhé! Ian Friend hiện là đồng sáng lập kiêm COO Ferrum Network. Trước khi gia nhập Ferrum, Ian là một luật sư tại thành phố New York. Đó cũng là nơi ông thành lập đội ngũ nghiên cứu Blockchain cho công ty luật của mình. Sau đó, Ian may mắn gặp được tiến sĩ Naiem Yeganeh và thành lập Ferrum từ đó.
Ferrum Network là gì?
Ferrum Network là sự kết hợp hoàn hảo từ hai tính năng đơn lẻ. Thứ nhất là network với khả năng tương tác tốc độ cao có thể kết nối với bất kỳ Blockchain nào. Thứ hai là khả năng thực hiện các giao dịch của bất kỳ tài sản số hoá nào — ngay cả Bitcoin. Tốc độ hoàn thành giao dịch phải tính bằng mili giây với mức phí gần như bằng không. Trong đó, họ sử dụng công nghệ DAG để đẩy nhanh tốc độ giao dịch tài sản số trong mạng lưới ở mức chỉ vài mili giây với chi phí giao dịch thấp. Đồng thời, các ứng dụng chạy trên mạng lưới của Ferrum sẽ có thể cho phép thực hiện các giao dịch mua bán, trao đổi, lưu trữ các tài sản số mà không cần ký gửi bất kỳ tài sản thật nào.
Điểm nổi bật và triển vọng nhất của Ferrum Network là gì?
Ferrum Network dự kiến ra mắt ba ứng dụng chính. Bao gồm UniFyre Wallet, Infinity DEX và việc ra mắt nhiều cổng thanh toán tiền pháp định ở khắp nơi trên thế giới. Đây thực sự là những ứng dụng mà cộng đồng tiền điện tử cần, nhằm cải thiện cuộc sống của họ. Hiện, sẽ có 2 sản phẩm chạy trên Mainnet khi ra mắt: Kudi và UniFyre. Sau đó là Sub-Zero Wallet (ví trữ lạnh). Sau Mainnet, Ferrum sẽ cho phát triển Infinity DEX.
Cách thức hoạt động của Interoperability Network là gì? Network này có những lợi thế gì so với các network hiện có?
Interoperability Network là một đổi mới từ một thiết kế cũ hơn. Về cơ bản, Interoperability Network sử dụng token proxy có thể đại diện cho bất kỳ tài sản kỹ thuật số nào. Và bởi vì network này chạy trên DAG thay vì Blockchain, các giao dịch có thể được thực hiện ngay lập tức mà hầu như không mất phí.
FRM là gì?
FRM là gas của network. Anh em cần chi FRM để hoàn thành các giao dịch trên Ferrum Network. Điều đặc biệt là mỗi khi một token được sử dụng, nó sẽ được burn ngay lập tức.
Lịch trình release token FRM là gì?
Tất cả token của các nhà đầu tư sẽ được unlock 3 tháng sau TGE. Do đó, thị trường FRM sẽ không xuất hiện áp lực bán liên tục sau 3 tháng đó. Token phân phối cho team dev Ferrum sẽ được lock trong 2 năm. Phần còn lại sẽ được giữ lại trong dài hạn. Ferrum Network có khoản dự trữ mang tên Traction Based Reserve. Đây là những token bị lock trong 1 năm. Sau đó, chúng sẽ được phát hành dần dần dựa trên số lượng token bị burn.
Vì sao Ferrum Network lại chọn DAG thay vì Blockchain?
Lý do Ferrum Network lựa chọn DAG thay vì Blockchain là do chúng vốn nhanh và rẻ hơn so với Blockchain khi giảm thiểu đi công cụ khai thác xác nhận block. Thay vào đó, mỗi giao dịch sẽ xác nhận một giao dịch khác. DAG sẽ phù hợp hơn đối với các giao dịch tốc độ cao và chi phí thấp.
Điểm yếu của Ferrum Network là gì?
Thứ nhất, hiện Ferrum Network không có ngân sách cho các chiến dịch marketing hoặc ngân sách để chi hàng triệu USD cho việc niêm yết trên các sàn giao dịch. Yếu điểm thứ hai nằm ở khâu nhân sự. Đội ngũ cần phải thuê nhiều kỹ sư hơn nữa để nhanh chóng ra mắt các sản phẩm thực.
Người dùng có được trả thưởng khi stake token FRM trong tương lai không?
Sẽ có! Và đặc biệt, người dùng sẽ có thể stake trực tiếp ngay trong ứng dụng Ví UniFyre. Anh em có thể stake ngay khi Mainnet được phát hành vào năm 2020. Song, hiện người dùng vẫn có thể kiếm được FRM thông qua social mining. Hình thức mining này hoạt động dựa trên số tiền anh em giữ cộng với giá trị anh em cung cấp cho hệ sinh thái ở dạng tweet, bài viết, video… Càng chia sẻ thông tin về Ferrum Network nhiều, anh em sẽ càng kiếm được FRM token.
Thông qua mối quan hệ với Fusion, liệu họ có xây dựng được giao thức hàng đầu không?
Fusion được xem là đối tác chiến lược của Ferrum. Mối quan hệ hợp tác này được thiết lập nhằm cùng nhau giải quyết thách thức về khả năng tương tác. Fusion sở hữu công nghệ DCRM — thứ chúng ta sẽ sử dụng để cải thiện Interoperability Network.
Mối quan hệ giữa Ferrum và Gemini là gì? Người dùng sẽ được lợi ích gì từ quan hệ hợp tác này?
Hiện Ferrum đang hợp tác với Gemini để trở thành ứng dụng duy nhất ở Tây Phi cung cấp stablecoin được hỗ trợ bằng USD. Đồng nghĩa, cư dân xứ Nigeria có thể phòng tránh biến động giá Bitcoin, thoát khỏi đồng tiền nội địa vốn đã mất 50% giá trị kể từ năm 2013.
Hiện team dev Ferrum Network đã có bao nhiêu ứng dụng được tạo lập thành công?
Hiện họ đã ra mắt sàn giao dịch Kudi (Kudi Exchange) — cổng thanh toán tiền pháp định tại Châu Phi. Vì là một start-up, do đó Ferrum Network đã xây dựng sàn Kudi với tổng chi phí dưới 100.000 USD. Anh em có thể tìm hiểu thêm tại đây: https://www.kudi.exchange/
Làm thế nào Ferrum Network đối phó với tấn công 51%?
DAG của Ferrum Network là bản hard fork từ IOTA. Và điều này đã bảo đảm thành công cho chính nó trong ít nhất 4 năm nay. Tuy nhiên, Ferrum cũng đã tăng cường thêm một số cập nhật bảo mật quan trọng, gia tăng khả năng tương thích địa chỉ Ethereum để làm cho nó an toàn và hữu ích hơn.
Ferrum hiện chỉ xây dựng 4 sản phẩm? Các nhà phát triển có thể xây dựng dApp trên Ferrum không?
Ferrum sẽ là nguồn mở. Team dev cực kỳ khuyến khích người khác xây dựng ứng dụng trên network. Họ thậm chí còn có quỹ các token khuyến khích các nhà phát triển hoạt động.
Ferrum Network đã huy động được bao nhiêu vốn từ ICO?
Team dev đã cho mở bán ICO và huy động được 1.12 triệu USD. Vòng cuối cùng là 300.000 USD và họ chỉ gọi vốn trong vòng vài phút.
Điều gì khiến team dev quyết định bắt đầu với Kudi Exchange và tại sao lại lựa chọn Châu Phi?
Châu Phi là một thị trường khổng lồ với hàng tỷ người dùng. Trong khi đó, hệ thống tài chính ngân hàng hiện tại đang thiếu sót khá nhiều. Đặc biệt, họ lại rộng cửa chào đón công nghệ Blockchain. Đó là chưa kể đến Nigeria là thị trường lớn thứ 7 trên thế giới về giao dịch BTC. Sắp tới, Kudi khả năng cao sẽ ra mắt tại Đông Nam Á. Hiện, Ferrum đang làm việc với một vài đối tác tiềm năng ở đó để đẩy nhanh tiến độ hoạt động này.
Vì sao Ferrum không tập trung vào phát triển DEX?
Các sàn DEX sẽ là xu hướng dài hạn trong tương lai. Song, chúng ta vẫn sẽ cần đến các sàn CEX như fiat onramp/ offramp. Các cổng fiat này được quy định bởi các quy tắc tài chính và không thể được phân cấp hoàn toàn. Trong khi đó, Ferrum cung cấp nhiều cổng fiat để mua tiền mã hoá bằng tiền pháp định. Nhưng ngay sau đó, anh em sẽ được tham gia vào một hệ sinh thái phân quyền có lợi ích tối ưu về chi phí, quyền riêng tư, tốc độ và phạm vi toàn cầu.
Ferrum Network có kế hoạch gì thu hút user cho các dApp trên network hay không?
Kế hoạch đầu tiên là team dev đã quyết định ra mắt một sản phẩm hữu ích (cổng fiat và ứng dụng thanh toán) tại khu vực tăng trưởng cao của Tây Phi. Dù không có nhiều ngân sách cho các chiến dịch marketing lớn. Song, Ferrum vẫn có thể thực hiện những chương trình nhỏ ở Nigeria. Họ hiện đang tổ chức sự kiện tại các trường đại học nội địa Nigeria, gia nhập vào các hệ thống điểm bán hàng… Đối với ví UniFyre, Ferrum sẽ thực hiện một chiến dịch marketing lớn. Chẳng hạn như trả phần khi sử dụng ứng dụng.
Hướng phát triển sắp tới của Ferrum Network
Số lượng token sẽ tăng lên khi Ferrum Network có được nhiều người dùng hơn. Sản phẩm tiếp theo đội ngũ sẽ ra mắt mang tên UniFyre Wallet. UniFyre Wallet là non-custodial ví, sở hữu các tính năng độc đáo như tự động lấy lại tài sản nếu người dùng mất điện thoại; tự quản lý private key. Ứng dụng ví này cũng cho phép stake bất kỳ token nào và giao dịch OTC trực tiếp, không rủi ro, không trung gian. Thị trường của UniFyre hiện khá lớn. Đây là ứng dụng dành cho những ai muốn đảm bảo quyền riêng tư và tự kiểm soát cho ví tiền của mình. Song, vẫn đảm bảo được hỗ trợ khi gặp sự cố cần phục hồi lại số tiền mã hoá của mình nếu bị mất hoặc bị hack. Anh em có thể tìm hiểu thêm về dự án tại đây https://unifyre.io/. Hiện đệ trình niêm yết lên Binance DEX của Ferrum Network đang chờ duyệt. Họ đang chờ đợi các validator vote. Ferrum Network cũng đã làm việc với nhiều sàn giao dịch và sẽ sớm thông báo tên các sàn sẽ list FRM trong tương lai gần. Để theo dõi tiến trình dự án, anh em có thể tham khảo thêm tại https://github.com/ferrumnet #FerrumNetwork #Coin98 #AMA #FRM #Blockchain
[AMA SUMMARY] Coin98 AMA #29 Ferrum Network with Ian Friend - COO At Ferrum Network
https://preview.redd.it/cjzluk91i6h31.jpg?width=960&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=12d87043df93ed0c81317d2857f245627f1efdf4 Coin98, a Facebook Group, recently did an AMA with Ian Friend, COO of Ferrum Network. Grace Pham: Before we start the AMA could you please introduce a little bit about yourself as well as a quick introduction about FRM for anyone who hasn't heard about FRM yet? Ian Friend: Yes of course. I am the Co-Founder and COO of Ferrum Network. Prior to joining Ferrum I was a lawyer in New York City where I founded my law firm's blockchain practice team. I then met Naiem Yeganeh, PhD and we founded Ferrum. Q: Could you briefly describe what is FRM in 3-5 sentences? Ian Friend: Ferrum is really the combination of two interconnected components. First, is the high-speed interoperability network that can connect to any blockchain and executes transactions of any digital asset - even bitcoin - in milliseconds for near zero fees. Q: You guys are building among other things an Interoperability Network, can you explain a bit how this works and what the advantages are compare to the existing networks? Ian Friend: Ok so the interoperability network is a innovation from an older design, essentially it uses proxy tokens that can represent any digital asset. And because it runs on a DAG instead of a blockchain, transactions can be executed instantly for almost no fees. Q: What is the ferrum token utility in the ecosystem? Where it will be used and why the demand for the token should increase? Ian Friend: FRM is the gas of the network. You need to spend it to run transactions. The unique thing is that everytime a token is spent, it is burned. Our African users alone will account for thousands of daily token burns on day 1 of main net launch. The token should increase as we acquire more users for our products. The next product we will launch is called UniFyre Wallet. This will be available worldwide and coming to an app store near you. Q: What are the advantages of DAG that you used for Ferrum Network? Why did you choose DAG instead of blockchains? Ian Friend: We chose DAG instead of a blockcahin because they are inherently faster and cheaper than blockchains because there are no miners confirming blocks. Each transaction confirms another transaction. This is more suitable for high-speed and low cost transactions like we need to run our financial products Q: What made you decide to start with the Kudi Exchange and why Africa? Ian Friend: Africa is a huge market with billions of people and the existing banking and financial systems are lacking in many ways. They are also open to blockchain technology. Nigeria is the 7th biggest market in the world for BTC trading. Q: Is there any rewards for staking FRM TOKEN in the future? Ian Friend: Yes so there is pseudo staking now thru social mining. community.ferrum.network There will be staking in the UniFyre Wallet and staking once the main net is released in 2020. But for now you can earn thru social mining which allows you to earn FRM based on teh amount you hold plus the value you provide to the ecosystem in the form of tweets, articles, videos, etc. Q: Till now whether they conducted any TPS for their blockchain because we need to have enough security for the transactions which most of the people will show much interest in security blockchain. Through POS layer whether we can hold the coin in order to increase the staking rewards? Ian Friend: Ferrum Network can do thousands of transactions per ssecond and each transaction clears almost instantly. Here is a demo of a BTC transaction on our test net which execute in milliseconds Q: What is your go-to-market strategy? Ian Friend: Depends on the product you are talking about but for Kudi Exchange we are focused on bitcoin traders in Nigeria and also signing up merchants to our point of sale system that is built into the app. Q: What prospects of Ferrum are you most excited about? Ian Friend: UniFyre Wallet, Infinity DEX and laucnhing fiat gateways in parts of the world that really need crypto to help improve their lives. Q: What is your monetary policy? Ian Friend: We are a lean start up. We built Kudi Exchange on less than $100,000. We are very frugal and never waste money. Q: How much fund raised until now, have you reached the softcap? will you do an IEO in the future? Ian Friend: We just did an ICO. Total raised in all rounds was $1.12 million. The last round was $300,000 and we raised it in just a few minutes. Q: What technology stands behind Ferrum Network and why it’s better than the existing one? Ian Friend: So fundamentally it is a DAG based interoperability network which uses decentralied proxy tokens to achieve instant transactions of any digital asset without holding anyones private keys. Q: Currently, there is no public Github repository for the project, do you intend in showcasing the code at some point? Ian Friend: We will be showing more public repositories as we continue. https://github.com/ferrumnet Q: What's your plan after listing on Bitmax? Ian Friend: Binance DEX application was made last week, we are just waiting on the validators to vote. We are in talks with many other exchanges just looking for the right one to list on next. Q: What is the Unifire wallet? and when the Unifire wallet lauch? Ian Friend:https://unifyre.io/ is a non-custodial wallet with many unique features like the ability to recover your assets if you lose your phone, and risk free OTC trading and staking any token. Version 0.1 will be released in the next few months. Later versions will have all the features once main net is live. Q: What are Ferrum weaknesses? Ian Friend: Because of our low raise we dont have a big marketing budget or a budget to spend millions to list on exchanges. We need to work hard and be creative. But it has worked for us so far considering we listed on BItMax 5 days after the ICO. We also need to hire more engineers. If anyone here is a developer, we are hiring! Q: It's believed that staking on exchanges is a hot trend. Do you have the plan to do staking on Kudi Exchange? Ian Friend: Not on Kudi but we will have staking of FRM on UniFyre with the push of a button. Once main net is out UniFyre will enable the staking of any token even those that do not use smart contracts like BEP-2 tokens! Q: What is the biggest problem that Ferrum team has faced? and how has your team solved it? Ian Friend: Many challenges but one big one was the trend in crypto to raise money and list on an exhange before any product was built or there were users. We raised only after we built Kudi Exchange. I hope this trend continues and people do not fall for "vaporware" projetcs anymore The other big one is providing a banking app to the unbanked in Africa. With Kudi you can send real money using What's App, and access US Dollar stable coins from the same app. This had never been done before Kudi. Q: Can you share more details about the relationship between Ferrum and Gemini? What's the benefit for user under the partnership? Ian Friend: Sure so we partnered with Gemini to become the only app in West Afica offering a US Dollar backed stable coin. This means our Nigerian users can hedge out of volatile bitcoin, and also hedge out of their own fiat currency, which has lost 50% of its value since 2013. We are now looking to partner with other stable coin providers to offer alternatives to GUSD. Q: What is your inflation and deflation in Tokenomics? Ian Friend: All investor tokens are unlocked after 3 months so after that you dont have to worry about "dumping". The rest are locked up over the course of years and only slowly released. One unique thing we are doing is called the Traction Based Reserve wher tokens are unlcoked only based on the amount of burned tokens. Q: I heard a lot people said: DEX is the future so Centralized exchange will dead. so why Ferrum don't develop DEX only? Ian Friend: I agree in the long term DEXes are the future. But we will still need CEXs as fiat onramps/offramps. These fiat gateways are stil regulated by the financial rules, and therefore cannot be fully decentralized. At Ferrum, we have fiat gateways to buy crypto with fiat, but then you enter into a decentralized non-custodial ecosystem which has inherent benefits in terms of costs, privacy, speeds, and global reach. Ian Friend: Thank you all for attending! Please join our channel for all things Ferrum: https://t.me/ferrum_network https://www.facebook.com/groups/Coin98.Net/about/
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